In many activities like, work or vacation, you need strong and durable clothing. Clothes such as these are made from special rip-stop fabrics. In this article, we will look at the description, characteristics, and properties of rip-stop fabric.
Features, specifics of production, standards:
The term “rip-stop” is formed by two English words: “rip” – to break and “stop” – to stop. Indeed, small holes, punctures and cuts on this fabric do not break further and do not increase in size. This feature is due to the specific structure of the rip-stop fabric: it is fully criss-crossed with reinforcement threads, most often made from nylon or polyester, at an equal distance (5-8 mm) from each other.
The result is a high-strength reinforced fabric that does not crumple, does not stretch and does not shrink after getting wet. Rip-stop material, due to these qualities, is widely used for manufacturing various uniforms and protective clothing items. There are certain regulations and requirements for the density of such fabrics, the number of warp threads and shrinkage, wear resistance, and tensile strength.
Varieties, differences, composition and properties:
Both synthetic and natural fibres of different diameters can be used in the manufacture of textiles with rip-stop weave. Therefore, we can distinguish the following types of such fabrics:
- Very durable, tough and slippery ballistic nylon. This type of fabric is made of polyamide threads of considerable thickness. The first bulletproof vests were created from multi-layer ballistic nylon!
- Nylon rip-stop. This synthetic textile, in addition to having very high strength, has water-repellent properties and lightness.
- Polyester rip-stop. This fabric is somewhat heavier and tougher than nylon.
- Mixed rip-stop. In such fabrics, synthetic threads, for the most part, serve as a reinforcing mesh, and the main fabric is formed by silk, cotton and other natural fibres.
To ensure greater comfort when wearing clothing made of this material, the reinforcing polyester threads are wrapped with a cotton braid and then added to the composition of mixed rip stops. This additive removes the electrical potential that accumulates on synthetic materials. In addition, depending on the purpose of the fabric, its composition may include flame retardant fibres and threads that give additional strength to the fabric. A purposeful combination of the composition, thread diameter and weave density creates a wide range of durable textiles with various characteristics of weight, texture, water resistance, water and air permeability, fire resistance and frost resistance!
Other areas of use:
Strength, durability, lightness, a wide range of protective properties and a variety of textures make rip-stop textiles suitable for manufacturing clothing such as:
- tourist equipment — durable backpacks, lightweight tents and sleeping bags; tents and covers of different sizes – from miniature canopies to shopping tents, from mobile gadgets to cars;
- durable, breathable, comfortable, and bright sports and youth clothing;
- military uniforms and equipment such as long-lasting camouflage uniforms for special forces and field units, as well as high-strength protective coatings, including body armour and weapon covers;
- hunting and fishing clothing and equipment such as durable camouflage with water-repellent properties, scabbards and covers;
- bright, dense, light sails for yachts and windsurfing;
- durable coloured balloon shells and kites;
- parachutes and wingsuits for flying from the mountains;
- travel bags in all colours and sizes;
- flags that are resistant to wind, sun, and precipitation.
Rip-stop fabric is made using complex technology. Additional processing and composition variations significantly increase the price of it. Due to the content of synthetic fibres, this material should be washed at a temperature of 50 degrees using soft detergents. The use of bleach for coloured fabrics is prohibited.